Friday, March 20, 2020
Why Oil and Water Dont Mix You may have experienced examples of how oil and water dont mix. Oil and vinegar salad dressing separate. Motor oil floats on top of the water in a puddle or in an oil spill. No matter how much you mix oil and water, they always separate. Chemicals that dont mix are said to be immiscible. The reason this happens is because of the chemical nature of oil and water molecules. Like Dissolves Like The saying in chemistry is that like dissolves like. What this means is the polar liquids (like water) dissolve in other polar liquids, while nonpolar liquids (usually organic molecules) mix well with each other. Each H2O orÃ water molecule is polar because it has a bent shape in which the negatively charged oxygen atom and the positively charged hydrogen atoms are on separate sides of the molecule. Water formsÃ hydrogen bonds between oxygen and hydrogen atoms of different water molecules. When water encounters nonpolar oil molecules, it sticks to itself rather than mingles with the organic molecules. Making Oil and Water Mix Chemistry has tricks for getting oil and water to interact. For example, detergent works by acting as emulsifiers and surfactants. The surfactants improve how well water can interact with a surface, while the emulsifiers help oil and water droplets mix together. Density and Immiscibility Oil floats on water because it is less dense or has lower specific gravity. The immiscibility of oil and water, however, is not related to the difference in density.
Wednesday, March 4, 2020
Canadian Inventor Organizations Who governs and decides intellectual property law in Canada? Where can you get intellectual property protection that provides coverage in Canada. The answer is CIPO - the Canadian Intellectual Property Office. Note: Does a patent in Canada protect rights in other countries? No. Patent laws are national so you must obtain a patent in each country in which you want protection. Did you know that 95% of Canadian patents and 40% of US patents were granted to foreign nationals? Canadian Intellectual Property Office English/French language The Canadian Intellectual Property Office (CIPO), a Special Operating Agency (SOA) associated with Industry Canada, is responsible for the administration and processing of the greater part of intellectual property in Canada. CIPOs areas of activity include: patents, trademarks, copyrights, industrial designs, and integrated circuit topographies. Canadian Patent LawThe Manual of Patent Office Practice (MOPOP) is maintained to ensure that it reflects the latest developments in the Canadian patent laws and practices. Patent and Trademark Databases If your idea has ever been patented before, you will not eligible for a patent. While hiring a professional is recommended an inventor should do at least preliminary search themselves and if capable a complete search. One purpose of a trademark search is to determine if someone has already trademarked your intended mark. Search Engine for Canadian PatentsThis database lets you access over 75 years of patent descriptions and images. You can search, retrieve and study more than 1,400,000 patent documents.International Patent SearchesSearch Engine for Canadian TrademarksThe search result(s) will contain the Trade-mark, Status, Application number, and Registration number (if it exists) of the document.International Trademark Searches Patent Classification Patent classification is a numbered filing system that helps manage the huge databases of patents. Patents are assigned a class number and name (not to be mistaken for issue number) based on what type of invention it is. Since 1978 Canada has used the International Patent Classification (IPC) which is maintained by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), one of 16 specialised agencies of the United Nations. International Patent Classification (IPC) Support, Funding Awards - National Industry CanadaPrograms and Services - By SubjectCanadian Technology NetworkIf you run a small or medium-sized technology related business in Canada, the Canadian Technology Network can give you access to a wide range of technology and related business assistance through a cross-country network of advisors.Industrial Research Assistance Program (IRAP)IRAP has four main components:Technology Expertise and Advisory ServicesFinancial Assistance for RD activitiesNetworkingPartnershipsCanadian enterprises with under 500 employees and industrial associations desiring to enhance their technological capability are eligible for support.Ernest C. Manning Awards FoundationAwards by nomination Canadians who have demonstrated recent innovative talent in developing and successfully marketing a new concept, process or procedure, may be eligible for one of these awards: Principal Award ($100,000), Award of Distinction ($25,000), Innovation Awards (2 at $10,000). Continue Provincial National Western Economic Diversification CanadaFunding and other help for western Canadians. Alberta Calgary Innovation CentreThe Calgary Innovation Centre is a unique mentoring service established to help early stage companies grow revenue, address immediate business problems, and understand which financing options are available to grow their business. The services of the Calgary Innovation Centre are available at no cost to entrepreneurs in the technology sector. Alberta Research Council ServicesFounded in 1921 as a provincial research council, the Alberta Research Council Inc develops and commercializes technology. ARC will perform applied research and development for you on a contract basis or co-venture with you to develop new technologies, earning a return on investment from the commercialization of products and processes. Their strengths are in the agriculture, energy, environment, forestry, health and manufacturing industries. Their investment focus is on technology platforms based on capabilities developed for these industries. ARC hires permanent, temporary, casual and sea sonal employees (inventors and engineers). Advanced Education and TechnologyLook under Technology Priorities to learn about innovative scientific research, development and application activities happening in Alberta. Other sections include information on scholarships, careers, trades, and more. British Columbia British Columbia Institute of TechnologyProvides support and funding for BCIT students and faculty.Innovation Resource CentreProvides support to new and established entrepreneurs through both one to one advising as well as workshops and seminars. BC Innovation CouncilFunds a range of programs that support and encourage established and emerging innovators.Kootenay Association for Science Technology (KAST0)Sci-Tech NorthVancouver Enterprise Forum (VEF)SmartSeed IncT-Net British Columbia Local Community Clubs Groups British Columbia Inventors SocietyVancouver Electric Vehicle AssociationVancouver Robotics ClubSouth Vancouver Island Inventors c/o John A. Mayzel 1931 Hampshire Road, Victoria, BC Canada V8R 5T9 Manitoba Manitoba InventorsÃ¢â¬â¢ Society Saskatchewan National Ontario QuÃ ©bec Monde des Inventions QuÃ ©bÃ ©coisesLAssociation des inventeurs du QuÃ ©bec est un organisme sans but lucratif dont la mission est daider, encadrer et soutenir les inventeurs quÃ ©bÃ ©cois, dÃ ©fendre leurs droits et protÃ ©ger leurs intÃ ©rÃ ªts. National New Brunswick Newfoundland Nova Scotia Nova Scotia Innovation CorporationInNOVAcorp is a Nova Scotia company that promotes, stimulates and encourages the successful development of technology products and services for emerging entrepreneurs in the life sciences and IT industry. Supporting all of these activities is InNOVAcorps Corporate Services group. They source new projects, facilitate corporate planning, organize corporate marketing and maintain the corporations IT architecture. Prince Edward Island